Configuring Spamassassin (MySQL & Virtual Users)

With this setup you will be saving the user preferences and bayes tokens in a MySQL data source. But, while scanning a message if spamd is unable to connect to the server specified in user_scores_dsn (below) or an error occurs when querying the SQL server then spam checking will not be performed on that message.

First we need to build the database table. You may download mine below.

Then import the file into the spamassassin table on your MySQL server.

wget http://wiki.mattrude.com/images/7/7a/Spamassassin.sql
wget http://wiki.mattrude.com/images/a/a7/Spamassassin_userpref.sql
mysql -h localhost -u postfix -ppostfix spamassassin < Spamassassin.sql
mysql -h localhost -u postfix -ppostfix spamassassin < Spamassassin_userpref.sql

To set the version number in the database, run the following.

echo "INSERT INTO bayes_global_vars VALUES ('VERSION','3');" |mysql -u postfix -ppostfix spamassassin
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'required_score', '5.0', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'rewrite_header Subject', '[SPAM]', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'rewrite_header Subject', '1', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'report_safe', '1', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'trusted_networks', '192.168.1.0/24', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'use_bayes', '1', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'bayes_auto_learn', '1', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'skip_rbl_checks', '0', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'use_razor2', '1', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'use_pyzor', '1', NULL);
INSERT INTO userpref (username, preference, value, prefid) VALUES ('@GLOBAL',  'ok_locales', '1', NULL);

Now setup the configuration.

  • /etc/mail/spamassassin/local.cf
required_score                  5.0
rewrite_header Subject          [SPAM]
trusted_networks                192.168.1.0/24
report_safe                     1
use_bayes                       1
bayes_auto_learn                1
skip_rbl_checks                 0
use_razor2                      1
use_pyzor                       1
ok_languages                    enrewrite_header Subject
user_scores_dsn                 DBI:mysql:spamassassin:localhost
user_scores_sql_username        postfix
user_scores_sql_password        postfix
auto_whitelist_factory          Mail::SpamAssassin::SQLBasedAddrList
user_awl_dsn                    DBI:mysql:spamassassin:localhost
user_awl_sql_table              awl
user_awl_sql_username           postfix
user_awl_sql_password           postfix
bayes_store_module              Mail::SpamAssassin::BayesStore::MySQL
bayes_sql_dsn                   DBI:mysql:spamassassin:localhost
bayes_sql_username              postfix
bayes_sql_password              postfix

The spamd server will not pay attention to SQL preferences by default, even with user_scores_dsn set in the config files. You must startup spamd with the proper options (ie -q or -Q). If the user_scores_dsn option does not exist, SpamAssassin will not attempt to use SQL for retrieving users’ preferences.

SpamAssassin needs to be ran with the options similar to this:

/usr/bin/spamd -d -x -q -Q -u nobody -r /var/run/spamd.pid

I believe the best way of doing this is modify your /etc/init.d/spamassassin init file and change SPAMDOPTIONS to:

SPAMDOPTIONS="-d -m5 -x -q -Q -u nobody"

make sure /etc/sysconfig/spamassassin dosn’t override your settings run the below command to confirm spamassassin is running correctly

ps -eaf |grep spamd
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