Building a WordPress Cloud, Cluster Setup

This how-to will explain how to build a WordPress site on 2, 3, or more Rackspace cloud servers, with full load-balancing and redundancy.

To accomplish this, you will setup multiple web-servers and one or more mySQL servers, behind two Rackspace cloud load-balancers. One load-balancer will server all you normal user internet traffic from all the web-servers.  The other load-balancer will server only your secured traffic to your admin sites (Dashboard) from a single, master, server.  You will then set WordPress to only server the admins sites threw a secure connections, this way all uploads will be saved to a single server and may be distributed from there. This also insures that you will be able to see the newly uploaded file, even before it has a chance to propagate to the other servers. The flaw with this configuration is that if the Master server goes down, no posts may be created until the issue is resolved.

The Setup

There are meny different ways we can accomplish this.  Here I am going to show a two server setup, but you can easily expand this into as many servers as you wish.

  • Server1 – Master Database Server, Master Web Server
  • Server2 – Slave Database Server, Slave Web Server or only Slave Web Server

Building Server1

Server1 is our main server, if Server2+went down, the site would still be fully up, just slower.

This How-To assumes your using Fedora hosts for these setup’s.  To start out, we need Apache, php, mySQL installed on the server.

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Moving to the new Rackspace Load balancer

Recently I have moved this site and others to a new load balancer solution by Rackspace (the company who also hosts the servers these sites run on).

Prior to this change, I was running a single 1024mb ram/40gb server, with this change I am now running two, fully master/master mirror 512mb/20gb servers, so the threw put should be a bit faster since there is now two.

I will hold my breath and let you know how it goes.