Using the Git Stash command

The git stash command is used to store changes to a dirty git tree when pulling changes[ref][/ref].

For example, if you are working on a repository, but are not ready to commit your changes, you may run.

git stash

This will store the changes you have made since the last revision and allow you to start back fresh at the point of your last commit.

Once you are done, you may run

git stash pip

That will restore your repository back to where you were when you ran git stash.

WordPress: Add footer text to feed posts

Here’s a small code snippet for adding text to the bottom of each post in your rss feed. This will not affect the post content shown on your site.

The below should be added to your themes function.php file.

* Add Footer to RSS feed

function mdr_postrss($content) {
        $site_name = get_bloginfo_rss('name');
        $post_title = get_the_title_rss();
        $home_url = home_url('/');
        $post_url = post_permalink();
        $content = $content.'<a href="'.$post_url.'">'.$post_title.'</a> is a post from: 
<a href="'.$home_url.'">'.$site_name.'</a> which is not allowed to be copied on other sites.';
    return $content;
add_filter('the_excerpt_rss', 'mdr_postrss');
add_filter('the_content', 'mdr_postrss');

Or may be found on github.

Git: Configuring native git commit emails

To start out, move the post-receive.sample script from your git hooks directory to just plain post-receive like so:

mv post-receive.sample post-receive

Then in your git config file add the below, below any existing configuration items. Note, you will need to change the URL and repository name (currently named “git-repository”) before this will work.

        mailinglist =
        emailprefix = "git-repository: "
        showrev = "t=%s; printf ';a=commitdiff;h=%%s' $t; echo;echo; git show -C $t; echo;"

And there you go, when you now push to the repository, you will receive an email send to “mailinglist” with the changes made in a nice diff and a link back to your main git repository site.

WordPress Correct File Permissions

To lock down the permissions on your WordPress install, from inside the WordPress site directory, run the below commands.

chown -R root:root .
chown -R nginx:nginx wp-content wp-admin/update.php wp-admin/update-core.php 
wp-admin/network/update.php wp-admin/network/update-core.php

Note, the above command assumes you are running under Nginx, if you are under Apache, please run the 2nd command replacing nginx with apache

The above command will change all the files in your WordPress root to the ROOT user, then change only the needed files back to user your web server is running as. This will allow you to update themes & plugins, and will also let you upload images, but you will not be able to update WordPress without changing the owner/group back to nginx on your WordPress root.

GoDaddy SSL Certificate with Nginx

Installing a SSL certificate from Go Daddy is a bit different then other providers.  With Go Daddy you must install a intermediate or chain certificate addition to your CA certificate. Nginx does not have a option, how Apache dose, for chain certificates. So to accomplish this, we look to the Nginx documentation:

If intermediate certificates should be specified in addition to a primary certificate, they should be specified in the same file in the following order: the primary certificate comes first, then the intermediate certificates.[ref]Nginx Module ngx_http_ssl_module[/ref]

What that means is this.  Download your CA from with your private certificate from Go Daddy.  Next download the gd_bundle.crt from

After you have download the gd_bundle.crt file, copy it to the same directory on your Nginx server and run something similar to:

cat godaddy-ca.crt > godaddy-chain.crt && cat gd_bundle.crt >> godaddy-chain.crt

Now just add this new certificate to your nginx.conf per normal

ssl_certificate godaddy-chain.crt

Trac Installed on a Nginx Server

Over the last few weeks I have been converting all my different sites from Apache to Nginx. The nice part of this plan is as I move on from system to system, each change over get’s easier then the last.

This how-to will walk you threw how to instal Trac on a Nginx server. The plan here is to proxy your trac site back to tracd running server. Only proxy the files that are not real and can not be served by nginx alone.

To start out, install python and some python tools to your server

yum -y install python python-genshi python-setuptools 
subversion python-setuptools-devel

Now you need to download and install trac from svn

svn checkout trac
cd trac

After you have the current version, compile and install trac

python ./ install

This how-to assumes you already have a working trac profile to host on this site. If you do not already have a trac profile, please look at trac-admin /path/to/websites/directory initenv.

After you have trac installed, you need to start it.

export TRAC_ENV_INDEX_TEMPLATE=/var/www/trac/projects_list_template.html
/usr/bin/python /usr/bin/tracd -d -p 3050 
--protocol=http -e /var/www/

And here’s a simple example Nginx config for your new trac setup.

   upstream {
   server {
       listen 80;
       root /var/www/;
       location /html/ { 
       	expires 180d;
       location /favicon.ico { }
       location /robots.txt { }
       location / {
               proxy_set_header  X-Real-IP  $remote_addr;